Landau, Edmund Georg
- Marriage (1): Ehrlich, Marianne Olga
He was a famous mathematician. He was an instructor of mathematics a t the University of Berlin from 1901-1909, and a professor of mathemat ics at teh University of Gottingen from 1909 to 1934. He published se veral works on mathematics, his specialties being number theory and th e theory of functions. Like his father he was also a Zionist. He tau ght himself Hebrew in the 1920's and was involved in the planning of t he Hebrew Univeristy in Jerusalem. He dilivered a speech in Hebrew a t teh university's ground-breaking ceremony on April 2, 1925. He move d with his family to Jerusalem in 1927 and taught at the Einstein Inst itute of Mathematics. Howevery, while in Jerusalem he got caught i n a power struggle between Judah Magnes, first Chancellor of the Hebre w University (who proposed that Landau be appointed rector of the univ ersity) and Albert Einstein and Chaim Weizmann (who both opposed Landa u's becoming rector). Since he didn't want to get involved in the dis pute Edmund returned to Germany the next year.
In 1933 he was forced to resign from Gottingen University due to it' s anti-Semitic policies. he moved to Berlin in 1934 where he died o f natural causes in 1938.
Edmund Landau added the name Ezekiel to his other given names in hono r of his ancestor Rabbi Ezedkiel Landau of Prague.
Edmund was married to Marianne Olga Ehrlich (b. 1886, Berlin; d. 1964 , Zurich). She was a daughter of Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) physician a nd scientist who won the Nobel Prize in 1908 for Physiology or Medicin e.
The Leo Baeck Institute Archives contain a file called "The Marianne L andau Collection, 1886-1966," consisting of her post-war correspondenc e, particularly regarding her attempts to get financial compensation f rom Germany for lost property.
Edmund married Marianne Olga Ehrlich, daughter of Paul Ehrlich and Unknown. (Marianne Olga Ehrlich was born in 1886 in Berlin, Germany and died in 1954 in Zurich, Switzerland.)